American holly is ideal for use as a street or courtyard tree (with lower branches removed), framing tree, specimen, barrier planting or screen. Flowering time from May to June. Many other tribes saw these buttons and bartered with the American Indians for them. American holly Legal Status. American holly wood has been used to make furniture, canes and scroll work. It is also widely known as the basic raw material for Christmas wreaths. A tea made from the bark was once used … I. opaca fruit tea had been used as a cardiac stimulant by the American Indians; the Chinese used it to treat coronary disease. It has a fairly large shrinkage rate, with a lot of seasonal movement in service, and its strength properties are mediocre for a hardwood. It is also used as a remedy for bronchitis, arthritis, and rheumatism. The massive amount of content on this website is made available to readers as a gift. Grow in a container, as hedging, screening, pathway edging, or foundation plantings. Due to holly's extremely fine grain, it sands to ultimate smoothness. Holly’s mechanical properties are in the middle for North American hardwoods. The strength (MOR) of holly is 10,300 psi. It does glue easily, however, and it resists splitting from screws and nails if you use pilot holes. They are used in the treatment of children's diarrhoea, colic and indigestion. Chewing only 10-12 berries acts as a strong laxative, emetic, and diuretic. Back to Top, Diuretic, purgative, astringent, expectorant, reduces fever. It also does well in city conditions as long as it is not exposed to strong winds. It is also used for knife handles and black piano keys. Wildlife Use. Photo by: Spring Meadow Nursery. That came to halt in the 1940s with the development of plastic wreaths [source: Delaware Forest Service]. The genus Ilex consists of more than 400 species and requires a wet and equable climate. Leaf tea for measles, colds, flu, pneumonia; drops for sore eyes. The flowers are often white and produce fruits that range in color from black to bright red or yellow. Historically, it has been used in teas as an emetic and a CNS stimulant. It is also used … Sprigs are familiar Christmas decoration. Today, the wood from the holly tree is used for the manufacturing of canes, scroll work, furniture and inlay work. [36] Zones: 7-10 Botanical name: Ilex vomitoria History: Native Americans brewed the leaves and stems for a drink that was used in … They can cause vomiting, diarrhoea and stupor if eaten in quantity[274]. Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. Back to Top. Chinese Medicinal Herbs, compiled by Shih-Chen Li, Georgetown Press, San Francisco, California, 1973. The American Holly was a popular tea during the American Civil War. American Holly Ilex opaca. American holly originates from the eastern part of the United States, and it thrives in coastal and wetlands areas. I. opaca fruit tea was used as a cardiac … Holly is primarily used as a holiday decoration. The liquid obtained from boiling holly leaves in water can be used to reduce fever. Herb: American Holly Latin name: Ilex opaca Synonyms: Ilex quercifolia Family: Aquifoliaceae (Holly Family) Medicinal use of American Holly: The berries are laxative, emetic and diuretic. Plant Symbol = ILOP Contributed by: USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program Uses The attractive evergreen foliage and bright red fruit of this small tree make it a very popular for landscaping. Most holly plants are considered to have poisonous fruits to one degree or another. American holly is often used as a substitute for English holly (Ilex aquifolium) in Christmas decorations where the latter does not grow well. The mixed leaves of Ilex cassine, I. vomitoria, and Ilex dahoon also were used for a hot drink called yaupon or black drink. There are no clinical studies of holly to provide a basis for dosage recommendations. American holly is the state tree of Delaware. Holly trees, such as American holly and the Nellie Stevens variety, as well as some taller holly shrubs, can be used as privacy hedges to screen out traffic or neighbors, or as striking accent plants on a lawn. A tea made from the leaves has been used as a treatment for measles, colds etc. Historically, American holly fruit tea was used as a heart stimulant by American Indians. Native Americans chewed berries for colic, indigestion. "Holly, English holly, Oregon holly, and American holly are the species most often associated with the ornamental Christmas holly. Holly is pe… The liquid obtained from boiling holly leaves in water can be used to reduce fever. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. New York . Drugs.com provides accurate and independent information on more than 24,000 prescription drugs, over-the-counter medicines and natural products. The Rodale Herb Book: How to Use, Grow, and Buy Nature’s Miracle Plants (An Organic gardening and farming book), edited by William H. Hylton, Rodale Press, Inc. Emmaus, PA, 18049., 1974. Caution should be taken where children are concerned. Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! Settlers in the southeastern United States made yaupon tea from I. vomitoria, reserving a stronger decoction for use as an emetic. Roots are shallow and finely branched, and rarely invasive due to their great number and relatively small diameter. The powers of evil hated the yew and found the holly equally obnoxious, the reason being that the yew was generally found growing in churchyards and the word “holly” is similar in sound to the word “holy”. Garden Goods Direct Evergreen Holly Shrubs are hugely popular for their easy growing and versatile uses. They are distributed worldwide except in arctic or arid regions. Holly Berries. Plants in the holly family have been used as ornamentals and in herbal medicine for centuries. According to other legends, holly blessed the home with prosperity and good fortune provided the plant was not removed from the Christmas decorations until the New Year, and in some countries it was never disturbed until Candlemas Day (February 2). Historical records show pre-Christian European pagans offering holly branches as gifts during the Roman festival of Saturnalia. The plants in the holly family have been used as ornamentals and in herbal medicine for centuries. They claimed this to be the true reason the herb was magically protective when brought into the home, shielding mortals from evil spirits that wandered over the land during bleak winter months. Contraindications have not yet been identified. The North American species are largely ornamental and derived from Central and South American species. Myths about holly associated the plant with control, which is why many whips for coach drivers were made from coppiced holly. Berries are poisonous, will induce violent vomiting. This type of holly is also commonly known as ‘Yule Holly and ‘Christmas Holly,’ as it is popularly used in wreaths and other decorations over the festive period. American holly is ideal for use as a street or courtyard tree (with lower branches removed), framing tree, specimen, barrier planting or scree… The leaves of both species are similar in outline and toothed and bristled very much the same way, but the leaves are brighter in the American holly and larger. The wood has also been stained black and substituted for ebony in inlay work. Pliny said that the branches of the holly tree defend the house from lightning, and men from witchcraft. Holly’s wood is white and close-grained, and found to be excellent for inlaid marquetry and to make tool handles and chess pieces. In this country, American holly is … Drinkers used it ceremonially to "cleanse" themselves, probably due to its sweat- and vomit-inducing effects. Leaves, smooth, leathery; with few to many spine-tipped teeth. Back to Top. Also Called: Christmas Holly . The American holly, called the … The major areas of distribution are Central and South America. The spines of some leaves may tear or puncture skin or mucus membranes. Twigs are gray or brown. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. The fruits can cause violent vomiting[222]. It is also used as a remedy for bronchitis, arthritis, and rheumatism. Bark is smooth and light-gray. White holly seems to have been used in the past primarily as a means of cleansing the system by promoting the proper elimination of waste products from the body. Epiphany Many people in the United States annually observe Epiphany, or … By clicking on an affiliate link and placing an order or clicking on an ad, this website receives a small commission which is used to cover hosting and maintenance expenses. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Select one or more newsletters to continue. When they are taken under certain circumstances, the berries may even lead to intense sickness and death. Often the most effective treatment involves a responsible blend of both modern and traditional treatments. It is also thought to be helpful as a blood purifying tonic for chronic rheumatic ailments and disorders. Ilex aquifolium, Ilex opaca, Ilex vomitoria. But websites are not free to host or maintain. Today the popularity of the American Holly … The Herb Book, by John Lust, Bantam Books, 666 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY. The leaves are believed to have diuretic, laxative and sudorific (induce sweating) properties but in today’s herbal medicine holly is rarely used. Family: Aquifoliaceae. Legends, Myths and Stories | Uses | Warning | Bibliography, Young leaves, fresh or dried, and bark It is used for engraving blocks, cabinet inlays, handles, and other specialty items. American holly is a beautifully shaped tree, with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form. WARNING(S): Fruits are poisonous, see Notes. Comments: Holly is typically used only for ornamental and decorative purposes. The American holly tree has been popular since the beginning of American history, having served the Native Americans with wood for many different applications and berries that were used for buttons and barter. AMERICAN HOLLY Ilex opaca Ait. The custom is followed in North America, and holly and mistletoe are widely used for decoration of homes and churches. Holly branches and leaves were tied together into a large bundle then attached to the middle of a long rope. You won't find many projects made entirely of holly, but it does make a striking accent when combined with darker woods. American holly related … The stiffness (MOE) … American Holly Description: Small to medium-sized evergreen tree, characterized by toothed, leathery-feeling leaves and beautiful red berries. American Holly: Family: Aquifoliaceae: USDA hardiness: 4-8: Known Hazards: Although no specific reports of toxicity have been seen for this species, the fruits of at least some members of this genus contain saponins and are slightly toxic. American holly grows in fertile wetlands and sandy coastal areas among red maples, sweetgum, slash pine, and southern red oak. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 7 Dec 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 4 Dec 2020), ASHP (updated 3 Dec 2020) and others. Holly wood is ideal for taking dyes, and is used for much of the black and white inlaid lines in musical instruments and furniture. Gardeners use the versatile holly plant in a number of different ways. They recognized American Holly as an obvious substitute for their English holly (Ilex aquifolium) holiday traditions, and decorative and landscape usage soon exploded. While it enjoys full sun in the morning, it will need protection from the intense light and heat of the afternoon with some shade. , new drug approvals, alerts and updates a popular tea during the American Civil War to red. Remain through the winter flowers are followed by clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter largely. 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