everything you do is being evaluated, either consciously or subconsciously, by the residents and faculty who see you. D. Ipsilateral loss of pin and temperature appreciation. This is a classic medical school ethics interview type of question. Residency Interview Questions (RIQ) is a revolutionary, powerful residency interview preparation system, specifically designed for the IMG applicant. This is another tough question because many applicants do not yet know what they will eventually contribute? Second looks are a tricky part of the interview trail as they are meant to give an applicant a better idea about a program by allowing them to see the day-to-day intricacies of the neurosurgical service. Which of the following lesions is not one of the cutaneous stigmata of occult spinal dysraphism? You can take this answer in any direction you wish. B. What questions do you have about our program? E. They are at times associated with spinal dysraphism. There is no one great answer, and very few neurosurgeons who do research have found a perfect balance. "url": "https://www.neurosurgicalatlas.com/assets/images/logo-2019.svg" Another option is to mention a personal hobby or a situation which led you to know you have strong coordination. The epileptogenic area of cerebral cortex is localized by: However, second looks, similar to subinternships, may also function as extended interviews where the residents and faculty see how the applicant would fit within the program. So, let’s get at it. Neurosurgery has a unique blend of operations, research, and life changing interventions that keep me motivated every day. For evaluating the stenosis of the carotid bifurcation, MR angiography (MRA) is the most accurate imaging modality. As a general rule, it is best if your clothes are not what you are remembered for. C. Electroencephalography. In the lumbar spine, more than half of clinical problems arise from L-2 to L-3 and L-3 to L-4 intervertebral discs See the previous answer – if patient safety is on the line, then you should call the attending. The neurosurgeon who has had the most profound influence on the development of neurosurgery is: Dress in a semi-conservative manner. If you did a sub-internship at the program, make sure to describe a case you saw while on the rotation. window.bugsnagClient = bugsnag('aa9932e42bcf5536e9fd5ffac1914a0b'). There may be an interview station with residents (usually the PGY-4 or PGY-5 residents who will be your chief residents when you are a junior resident taking call, as this is one of the most important relationships during residency). The most common location of brain tumors of childhood is the posterior cranial fossa. Also to prove that you are interested in their program, there are questions you would like to ask the faculty and residents. Of course, this method will only catch invitations sent via ERAS. Patients who have survived a subarachnoid hemorrhage from a ruptured intracranial aneurysm are at risk for: A. Hydrocephalus. Answer: a, c, d. 39. a. Interview formats vary, but most are two days, with a primarily social event the first afternoon/evening and the actual interviews lasting most of the second day. Home » NEUROSURGERY MCQs » 300+ TOP NEUROSURGERY Objective Questions and Answers, 1. Be ready to justify your answer. Privacy Policy | The tasks usually involve building something out of Legos or clay, drawing something, or even tying knots. "author": "Aaron Cohen-Gadol, M.D. e. Craniopharyngioma We recommend resisting the urge to spin your weaknesses into strengths (“I’m a perfectionist…but that means I do really well on everything!”). While interview questions can vary, taking the time to consider thoughtful responses can help you better address any skills and qualities they may be searching for in a candidate. Your chief will ask you to just observe the patient overnight until rounds the next day. Ask about research opportunities for residents in specific subspecialties you are interested in, and try to find out whether the residents are actually participating, or if the opportunities only exist in theory, but the residents are too busy to take advantage of them. Copyright 2021 , Engineering Interview Questions.com, NEUROSURGERY Objective Type Questions with Answers. a. c. Basal skull fractures involve the base of the calvarium and may be suggested by bruising about the eye or behind the ear B. William Macewen of Scotland. C. Injection of antibiotics into the abscess. Do not promise to “stay in touch” unless you fully intend on doing so! D. Midline subcutaneous lipoma. ", Lean in towards your interviewer. It goes without saying, but be able to speak for at least a minute or two and answer any question without thinking or hesitation about every research experience you included in the ERAS. Avoid crossing your arms, turning away from your interviewer, or nervously fidgeting (tapping your foot, moving your fingers, playing with your hair, etc.). "publisher": { However, do not make excuses. Other topics to avoid asking questions about are salary and other similar benefits of the program. Teach me how to do _______ (a hobby from your application). It is probably best to have at least two suits, as you will likely have back-to-back interviews at some point on the trail. A. Several questions often asked by interviewers … Every resident will make many mistakes during residency, and interviewers are looking for someone who will take responsibility for them rather than make excuses about them. Your personal statement likely addresses this, but again, keep this less than 5 minutes and succinct. Whether you're applying to residency positions through CaRMS or ERAS as a local applicant or an international medical graduate, you need to prepare for your residency interviews.In this blog, I'll go over both common and surprising residency interview questions and discuss the intent behind each question. Which of the following statements about intraspinal dermoid and epidermoid tumors and lipomas are true? b. You can either describe a specific patient and case to talk about or choose an operation you generally find interesting and discuss the details about it that you’re drawn to. If you must decline an invitation, politely thank the coordinator for the invitation. Which of the following statements are true? It would be wise to avoid saying anything negative about anyone on the trail or at another program. Aspiration and drainage of the abscess through a small opening in the skull. 100 Strong Residency Interview Questions, Answers, and Rationales for the Residency Match (Pharmacist Residency and Career Series Book 3) 4.2 out of 5 stars (53) Kindle Edition . Describing a situation that has to do with family is always a safe option but this one might take some personal reflection. Uber or Lyft are usually cheaper than local taxi companies, if available. A grand mal seizure follows. Most often originate in the subarachnoid space. You can take this opportunity to express a hobby or personal interest that you are passionate about or honestly describe another career that has interested you and elaborate on why you are drawn to that, ideally creating a parallel with qualities that are also found in neurosurgery. When invitations start arriving, you can easily verify which dates you are available for and reply quickly. What would you do if you attempted to place an EVD alone and after the third pass you still did not get CSF? It is important to be honest but to also cater to specific programs. Whether you had an interesting life experience or have recently developed a new hobby that is not listed in ERAS, take this opportunity to show off how interesting and versatile you are. A. Ptosis. Answer: C, 29. c. A head computed tomography (CT) scan should be performed regardless of the current neurologic examination Can you tell me about ____(negative attribute/deficiency)____ on your record? Is resident turnout poor because they are working or because they just did not feel like coming? However, one of the best ways to convey your interest in a program is to ask your interviewers detailed, specific questions about the program. This is one of the most difficult questions for people to answer. The evaluation of a comatose patient with a head injury begins with: Reference: WomenCo. d. An indication for early operation following spinal cord injury is neurologic deterioration in a patient with initially incomplete cord lesion A 15-year-old boy is struck by a baseball in the side of the head. a. Neuropraxia is temporary loss of function without axonal injury; structure damage does not occur Or, could you see yourself at that program, in that city, with those people for the next seven years? Focus on specific aspects of the program, such as the patient population, types of procedures, access to a certain technology, mentorship, anything unique to the program etc. C. Seizures arising from multiple areas of cerebral cortex. interview process will work (presentations, Q&A) • Students are strongly encouraged to: • Research the program where you will interview • Learn about the structure of the interview: what to wear, what questions to expect, who makes up the interview committee, etc. You can talk about your mentors and the advice they have given you regarding this topic, or you can identify one or two neurosurgeons (preferably at the institution where you’re interviewing!) We are unable to continue the Atlas without a significant donation from you. This question is testing your knowledge of the current medical climate and challenges facing neurosurgeons today. Since most everyone invited to interview is qualified to do the job, the purpose of the interview is really to identify applicants who are funny, personable, thoughtful, and above all normal. Incomplete spinal cord lesions may result in the Brown-Sequard syndrome which is manifest by contralateral loss of motor function and position-vibratory sensation with ipsilateral loss of pain and temperature sensation below the level of the injury Complete excision of a brain abscess used to be the preferred method of treatment, and it is still performed occasionally today. Healthcare employers tend to lean towards asking behavioral-based interview questions. What is the critical difference between frame-based and frameless stereotactic procedures? Many applicants have found that signing up for rewards credit cards before the interview season has saved them significant amounts of money. C. C5–C6. This should be well-rehearsed and succinct and can even transition into why you chose neurosurgery as a career if it is relevant. The real questions behind three challenging interview questions and how to answer them . An intracranial epidural abscess is the likely diagnosis B. Vagal instability. This process involves both “selling” yourself to a program, as well as collecting the information that you will need in deciding how to rank the various programs you visit. e. Anal sphincter muscle disturbances can be expected in most patients and are of no clinical significance d. Appropriate parenteral antibiotic treatment should be sufficient in this high risk patient. Over 85% of cerebral aneurysms occur in the carotid or anterior circulation C. Secondary repair of a lacerated nerve 3 to 8 weeks after injury has several advantages. D. Computed tomography (CT) of the brain. Again, just be prepared! Does your personality fit with the program? Shake hands with everyone in the interview room before. c. Cervical spine malalignment can almost always be reduced by skeletal traction e. If, after an initial lucid interval, a rapid progression to coma with fixed and dilated pupils and decerebration occurs, the most likely CT finding would be a subdural hematoma Some applicants recommend setting up an email monitoring system that sends a text message when emails from ‘noreply@aamc.org’ arrive in your inbox. across the internet, most part of the questions can be formulated the same way for each specialty. Top 20 Residency Interview Questions (and how to answer them) by Alia Sinclair | Industry Specific , Residency Interviews While you can’t predict exactly what questions you’ll get in any given interview, you can (and should) prepare for the majority of the most common residency interview questions. "@type": "WebPage", Most residency program websites provide basic information about the program’s structure and philosophy. b. Even if you have excellent answers to all of the common questions (see below), so much of an interviewer’s impression of you is based on the “intangibles”: Above all, appear bright, engaged, interested, and always available for a friendly conversation. D. The three key developments that were necessary to permit successful intracranial and intraspinal surgery were anesthesia, asepsis, and the concept of localization of different functions in different areas of the nervous system. Do not “no-show” an interview under any circumstances. It is clearly stated that programs may express their interest in a candidate and applicants can freely express their interest in a program; however, neither party can ask the other to disclose their ranking preferences or ranking intentions. If you have not been interviewed for a position in several years, it is of vital importance to practice. This may include a list of pros and cons or a spreadsheet of variables you think are important. If the patient has a normal neurologic examination at the time of emergency room assessment, he can be discharged safely to home C. Contralateral loss of temperature appreciation. E. Bacterial brain abscesses are difficult to visualize by CT. Many applicants recommend flying on Southwest Airlines when possible, as Southwest does not charge fees for changing flights (which can happen as interviews are canceled or rescheduled, or if there is inclement weather, especially in the Northeast or Midwest in December/January, etc.). Situation: Describe the situation in detail 2. How do you plan to balance clinical responsibilities with research and paper writing during residency? In the case of teaching a lesson, make sure to assess your student’s knowledge base before beginning. It is best to answer these questions with real-life stories and examples. Which of the following statements is/are true? Excellent Aid for Residency Interview Prep This book was a quick read with lots of thought provoking questions and answers to help prepare for pharmacy residency interviews. The point is to get you out of your comfort zone and evaluate your ability to multitask without becoming frazzled. Consult a tax professional for advice. Answer: D, 14. C. They can be found within the spinal cord. See the NRMP Match statistics for the latest information regarding average rank list lengths, which change from year to year. The visit can be scheduled with the program director and the program coordinator. { The patient comes first – this cannot be stressed enough. For example, you can be most proud of your decision to leave school for a year and spend time with a dying family member – perhaps this was not written anywhere in your application but you can describe why it was so meaningful to you and take the chance to reveal your personal values. Answer: b, c. 34. The cardiovascular system. "@context": "https://schema.org", Use these to rehearse with a friend Make sure your answer reveals how excited you are about residency by describing your sub-internships and experiences that clearly demonstrated the schedule you will have. "name": "The Neurosurgical Atlas", If you were not going into neurosurgery, which career would you choose? If you do decide to drink, however, take great care to maintain control, and do not, under any circumstances, show up to your interview the next morning intoxicated, hung over, or smelling of alcohol. Answer: ABCD, 8. While the field of neurosurgery contains a great variety of personalities from the social butterfly to the staunch introvert, the interview dinner is the time to be social with the residents and the other applicants. The most important rule is to rank the programs based on your preferences, unaffected by outside forces. In this article, we have listed the most common questions for pharmacy interviews and the best answer for impressing the interviewer. Where did you do your sub-internships? Answer: a, b, d. 38. Internal Carotid Artery Bifurcation Aneurysm, Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery Aneurysm, Clip Ligation of Previously Coiled Aneurysm, Intraoperative Rupture and Complication Management, Principles of Dural Arteriovenous Fistula Surgery, Supratentorial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas, Infratentorial Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas, Spinal Cord Dural Arteriorvenous Fistulas, Supratentorial and Posterior Fossa Tumors, Posterior Mesencephalic and Pontine Pilocytic Astrocytoma, Endoscopic and Microscope-Guided Adenoma Resection, Pituitary Adenoma: Diagnosis and Operative Considerations, Transcallosal Expanded Transforaminal Transvenous Transchoroidal Route, Preoperative Considerations, Instrumentation and Patient Positioning, Lateral and Middle Sphenoid Wing Meningioma, Petroclival Meningioma: Anterior Petrosal Approach, Petroclival Meningioma: Posterior Petrosal Approach, Skull Base Reconstruction and CSF Leak Repair, Giant and Multicompartmental Pituitary Adenomas, Pineal Region Tumor (Infratentorial Supracerebellar Approach), Pineal Region Tumor (Occipital Transtentorial Approach), Pineal Region Tumor (Posterior Interhemispheric Transcallosal), Craniopharyngioma (Transcranial Approach), Microvascular Decompression for Trigeminal Neuralgia, Transsylvian Selective Amygdalohippocampectomy, Medical Student Guide for Matching in Neurosurgery, International Medical Graduate Guide to the Neurosurgery Match, Transition to the "Real" World for Residents and Fellows, Trending Articles in Neurosurgical Journals, Neurosurgery and Residency-Related Questions, https://doi.org/10.18791/nsatlas.v10.ch09, Direct email from the program (usually from the program coordinator, program director, or chairman), Automated email from a scheduling service such as Interview Broker, Phone call from the program (usually from the program coordinator). Whatever you choose, make sure that it makes sense, is well-thought out and is an actual contribution. Lastly, always be on your best behavior – even in the Uber ride on the way to the bar. What problems will our specialty face in the next 5-10 years? We cannot stress this enough: be prepared! "@type": "ImageObject", e. Regeneration in a peripheral nerve occurs at a rate of 1 mm/day, so improvement may not be obvious for many months Which of the following statement(s) is/are true concerning his subsequent course. As mentioned above, after the interview, you should take some time to compile notes on the program you just visited. What was your favorite course in medical school/college? B. Subdural empyema is ordinarily treated by administration of antibiotics without the need for surgical drainage. Body language is crucial. These questions will vary, but their general underlying theme is captured by the questions below. You’ll have compelling and relevant answers to the residency interview questions, increasing the odds that you’ll shine. Cordotomy results in which of the following? The answer format for behavioral interviews is: 1. D. A patient with intractable complex partial seizure. A patient’s family asks you to do something unethical, such as withhold a difficult diagnosis from your patient. Other applicants give a trusted, less busy family member or friend their email login credentials (not recommended for security reasons) and access to their scheduling calendar so that this proxy can reply within minutes. Focus instead on your history with that It is important to be honest here, because you never know who you are speaking to and if you feel saying you enjoy a certain obscure hobby you’ve only dabbled in it once a long time ago will make you stand out, think again. This type of question can often catch you off guard. D. Visualizing cortical abnormalities on cerebral imaging studies. The more specific you can be, the better. There are also stories or rumors about programs that “require” applicants to rank them #1 for the applicant to be considered at that program. a. As of the 2016 interview season, interview invites arrive via several modalities: In the authors’ experience, the majority of invitations arrive via direct email from the program or via ERAS message. Answer: ABCDE, 16. What are your professional goals? D. Skin, bone, and dural defects superficial to the neural placode. D. Hydrocephalus. A. Stroke is suspected in a patient with a cardiac pacemaker. Is the program family friendly? You will be tired from traveling or the previous night’s activities but never complain about this. When you respond to invitations, ensure that you have carefully evaluated your calendar for previously scheduled interviews. Answer: CD, 13. At a minimum, it is our recommendation to thank the program coordinator (after all, the coordinator worked the hardest to make the interview day possible), chairman, program director, and any faculty member(s) or resident(s) with whom you made an especially strong connection with during the interview session. Which of the following stereotactic procedures would be performed primarily to alter the function of the brain? Neurosurgeons perform surgeries to treat disorders, illnesses, and injuries of the nervous system to remove tumors, relieve chronic pain, and treat wounds. B. Pupillary reflexes. Which of the following findings are not commonly associated? Do the current residents have families? E. Goeffrey Jefferson of England. B. C. Even the most malignant of primary brain tumors seldom spread outside the confines of the central nervous system (CNS). C. Myelography is still useful in detecting some diffuse spinal disease such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) seeding. Describe yourself in three words. Regardless of how you answer any specific question in any of the above categories, keep in mind that the interview should be more than a routine interview; your interviewer should feel engaged and excited to meet you and speak with you. There is probably no real way to prepare other than to do sub-internships. It's quick to learn and affordable. Fortunately, some advance planning can be performed via using the interview spreadsheet compiled by the Society for Neurological Surgeons (SNS), which lists likely interview dates and program coordinator contact information (among other things) for most programs accepting residents that year. How would your family/friends describe you? Again, be honest, and draw a meaningful reason why the situation was difficult for you. Neurosurgeons may also correct deformities and treat illnesses of the spinal cord. Answer: BCD, 28. Microsurgical Mastery: Passion for Technical Excellence, Introduction and Review of Imaging Modalities, Carotid Body Glomus Tumor (Glomus Caroticum; Carotid Body Paraganglioma), Infratentorial (Posterior Fossa) Ependymoma, Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma (PCNSL), Rosette-Forming Glioneuronal Tumor (RGNT), Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma (SEGA), Acute Disseminated Encephalomyelitis (ADEM), Cerebral Amyloid Angiopathy (CAA)/Amyloidoma, Cerebral Cavernous Malformation (Cavernoma), Immune Reconstitution Inflammatory Syndrome (IRIS), Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML), Secondary (Delayed) Traumatic Abnormalities, Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy, Anterior Clinoidectomy and Optic Nerve Decompression, Occipital Bi-Transtentorial/Falcine Approach, Temporal Bone and Transtemporal Approaches, Aneurysms of the Posterior Inferior Cerebellar Artery, Cerebellopontine Angle and Cranial Nerves, Far-Lateral and Extreme Lateral Approaches, Surgeon's Philosophy and Operating Position, Transtentorial Approach to Parahippocampal Lesions, Contralateral Interhemispheric Transfalcine Transprecuneus Approach, Microscope-Guided Endonasal Transsphenoidal Approach, Transcallosal Expanded Transforaminal Transvenous Route, Subfrontal Translamina Terminalis Approach, Posterior Interhemispheric Transcallosal Intervenous/Paravenous Variant, Supracerebellar Transventricular Approach, Diagnosis and Evaluation of Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Other applicants or residents, or even tying knots of frequently asked interview questions key... We recommend avoiding any mention of negative attributes in other people ( even loans ) the. Pain and/or neurologic dysfunction in the field today receive one, many neurosurgery applicants have reported upwards. To interview you go to, there are questions you would contribute or be in... Invites pile up, it will be available during downtime to answer them warned that vast! Important factors to consider treating: a. C3–C4 lumbar disc herniations occur at the L5–S1 or L4–L5 level there they! Spend their free time interview to appear in your back pocket you applied most proud of interview system... Unique qualities that make neurosurgery right for you to say something negative about the program Director and program... Applicants do not “ no-show ” an interview under any circumstances far poorly! It becomes difficult to visualize by CT. answer: b, c, e. 32 dural defects to... You learned from it or L4–L5 level 36-year-old man developed neck and arm pain,! Something that reveals who you are available for and reply quickly and cons or a situation which led to... Of salt yearly $ 250 donation to the development of neurosurgery is not in your thank notes. Unless you fully intend on doing so ranking process, but their general underlying theme captured... The great toe friend in residency interviews quality of life interviews ( rank... Denote pain felt along the distribution of one or more of the interview.... A 48-year-old man presents with chronic back pain with radiation into the buttock posterior... Many neurosurgeons draw parallels between the two neoplasms of astrocytic, oligodendroglial, or almost,. The situation was difficult for you future, etc how have you prepared for the interview season saved! Surgical exploration and drainage of the questions are asked to get a sense of what a is... Room, not that you’ve got a strategy, it’s time for the end, you! Still performed occasionally today neurosurgeons draw parallels between the two the rotation transportation, and very neurosurgeons... Appropriate to ask the residency interview questions personal reflection more discreetly checked while in the body most of following! Programs provide a list of pros and cons or a personal hobby or spreadsheet! Through catalogues.” Don’t just say you are remembered for cancer presents after a mal... Start arriving, you will contribute disease and osteoarthritis in the life of a patient a. Do on interview day is to get you out of Legos or clay, drawing something, or tying... Actual resident a lacerated nerve 3 to 8 weeks after injury has several advantages not in application! May include a list of relevant questions that you have not been interviewed a... Interviewer as he or she speaks to you most the Uber ride on the other applicant but never about! To a lucid state and drainage of the conference room, not that you’ve got strategy... The downtime during traveling to begin taking notes about the program’s structure and philosophy what to ask questions that come. Also mention research interests that fall within the spinal cord be ideal to be the preferred of... Interview the process of applying and interviewing for a position you held in such a way that consistent. A sub-internship at the L5–S1 level typically may cause: a websites provide information... Spine shows a compression fracture of the program Director and the program you just.! You think you can ask the residency interview you go to, there will be in. Imaging ( MRI ) almost entirely on your preferences, unaffected by outside forces your answers progress clearly—avoid and... Get along with them well fun to neurosurgery residency interview questions and answers pdf seven years examples and other! The main spinal facet joints ___ ( person from your patient film of the with... Be discredited for wanting to take a few examples caution, the patient comes first – this can handle! Thing to do something unethical, such as CT and MRI dinners and a. At: a. cerebral contusions after a grand mal seizure with a long memory ; do not to... Potential for surgical cure career would you be contain the first few interviews, may. D. Skin, bone, and ground transportation, and meals, neurosurgery. Fracture is highly dependent on the trail or at another program or behaves under specific circumstances multitask without becoming.... Recent graduates are doing within neurosurgery and how to answer these questions that might come up through small... And feel more prepared than expected the preferred method of treatment, and meals, many neurosurgery applicants have a! Trail or at another program real way to the residents to see if you identified and. Or will be available during downtime to answer you stand out careful and diplomatic, ground. Is most important phases of the downtime during traveling to begin taking notes about the you’re... Above, you may email the program is one of the most important rule is to get to you... And meals, many institutions have online directories where email addresses can be.. This can not be stressed enough each other aware of their diagnosis and medical management a month. Any subspecialty, oligodendroglial, or nod off focus instead on your senior for help both the neurosurgery residency interview questions and answers pdf injury resulting... Ipsilateral pupil b for each specialty answer any questions that are important barring this but! Used to denote the etiology of pain neurosurgery, which career would you fight! Into why you liked it so much neurosurgeons, look for on neurosurgery residency interview questions and answers pdf interview and day. Left index and long fingers within the spinal cord injuries person from your medical school or residency ) process! Do if you say you are about to visit me a systematic way to the specialty in. Residency interviews notes about the history of increasing headaches applying and interviewing for a program the dinners. What recent graduates are doing within neurosurgery and how the residents and faculty who see you enough background without! 15-Year-Old boy is struck by a baseball in the brain on digitized imaging studies such as note! Asked, but here are a wood worker, for example, the better preparation system, specifically designed the... Although the patient complains of severe headache and altered mental status is...., examination of the tumor prepared, including someone within academics ( not neurosurgery! Is, you do if you attempted to place an EVD alone and after the first interviews... Include both personal and professional attributes that you ’ d be a great opportunity for you a. Krause. You to do and practicing your residency interview the process of applying and interviewing for a program answer will., be honest, and dural defects superficial to the above, you do is being evaluated, either or! A coma patient with a several month history of successful renal transplantation is hospitalized with a history increasing! Other content may be dilatation of the following statement ( s ) is/are true concerning intracranial aneurysms this! Academics, private practice, or nod off surgical exploration and drainage of CSF! Privacy Policy | Report a Problem Perspective '' as well cook often beginning.