For Question Word Questions – we do not switch the order of the subject and verb in the sentence: “Jenny asked what time it was“. Practice all tenses in reported speech. As with reported speech more generally, perhaps the easiest first stage is to get students to convert back to direct speech. Reported speech: She asked me whether I had fed the dog. To construct reported speech, your students need to at a minimum be comfortable with the use of possessive adjectives and most major verb tenses. Feel free to introduce reported speech to your intermediate level students but make sure to brush up on their major verb tenses first! This might not be included in a newspaper report as the speech won’t be part of a conversation between people or … Now play a short game such as Crisscross with the remaining examples to give students some practice. Ask students questions, making sure you do so in different tenses. Some of the best ones include Bingo, running dictation, charades, mixed up sentences, dictation activities, videos, songs, chants, and more. reported) speech. We hope these teaching points give you enough confidence to teach reported speech to your ESL students. where both For the present perfect, ask students to imagine they’re all working together in an office, and ask them to say what things they've already done and which they haven’t done yet. For practical purposes, this article will cover only the cases in which the reporting verb is in the past (said, told, etc…) which leads us to take the verb in the reported clause one step back into the past. Reporting verbs When we want to report what people say, we use reporting verbs Mary . "He said he liked soccer."  |  Stay updated with Off2Class by signing up for our newsletter! Teach what happens when direct speech is in past. In direct speech the present tense is used. Separate the board into two sides; write the sentence in direct speech (use quotation marks) on one side and sentence in reported speech on the other side. Ask students to divide up into new pairs and ask each other questions from the questionnaire. In my first reported speech lesson plan (RS1.1-Intro-to-Reported-Speech-1), I start with the basics by backshifting, from the Present Simple to the Past Simple. Use a few more sentences from the warm up as examples and encourage students to make reported speech sentences. ACELA1494: Investigate how quoted (direct) and reported (indirect) speech work in different types of text. The need to report what someone else said, arises almost every day. Finally, report on what they said, but make mistakes; ask students to correct you.T: Juan said he played volleyball with friends.S: I said I played football with friends. Reported speech is a very rich grammar area to teach because: It can involve considerable manipulation of form. How to teach parts of speech in a fun way? P.S. Get the Reported Speech Illustrated Workbook: The easy way to teach and learn direct and reported speech. © 2014-2020 Global Online Language Services Inc. Wondering how to teach reported speech to your ESL students? Are you 5. Reported Speech (otherwise known as Indirect Speech) is used heavily in daily English conversation. The activities here are divided into different kinds of Reported speech is used to talk about things other people have said. Save hours of lesson preparation time with the Entire BusyTeacher Library. If you enjoyed this article, please help spread it by clicking one of those sharing buttons below. It’s a very easy piece of grammar to locate and exploit with texts. If you’d like access to the 6 lesson I’ve published on Reported Speech, you can find them at the bottom of our Teacher page. Have your students rephrase sentences using reported speech. When publishing the lesson plans, I decided to rate each of the six reported speech lessons as “advanced”. Of course, this is not to say that you can only teach reported speech to your advanced students. Report on what your students said about their weekend. Give each group of three a set of direct speech cards and a set of reported speech cards. As you can see, in the above sentence 'am' changes to 'was Players take it in turns to turn over a direct speech card and read what's on the card, e.g. 4. Welcome to Speak English with Tiffani. Upon completion of this lesson, students will be able to: 1. define direct speech and indirect speech 2. distinguish between direct and indirect speech 3. list the rules for converting direct speech to indirect speech and indirect speech to direct speech We use introductory verbs: order, ask, tell, want and request, etc. We don't need to change the tense, though probably we do need to change the 'person' from 'I' to 'she', for example. In reported speech we need to use the past tense form of the verb. For example, if your class is filled with lower-level students, you may want to pick a song with simple, easy-to-understand lyrics to make these activities more accessible. When we move from direct to reported speech we go back a tense: How to Teach Reported Speech 3265 Words 14 Pages 1.6.-How to Teach Reported Speech – Review – Practice & Lesson plan Teaching students reported or indirect speech can be complicated by the all the changes that are required when moving from direct speech into reported speech. 148 pages of explanations, rules, exercises, stories, and lots of hands-on practice. Show them how to report: Juan said he had gone Christmas shopping. "I like pizza", she said. Teach what happens with the other tenses one by one. Ask students to practice the reported speech by beginning with a reported speech worksheet or by asking them to change sentences from direct to reported speech. 3. I am Teacher Tiffani and today I am going to teach you exactly How to give a 5 minute speech in English. Then, have the student report the information back to you first using direct speech, then using indirect speech. We use indirect objects Finally, report on what they said, but make mistakes; ask students to correct you.T: Juan said he had gone shopping for groceries.S: I said I had gone shopping for Christmas gifts. Ask students what they are doing for the holidays.S1: I’m going to Mexico.S2: I’m spending the holidays at my grandmother’s. Punctuating direct speech A new speaker needs a new line. Show them how to “report”: Juan said he played football with friends. Alex Case offers 15 ideas for getting learners to use indirect speech. Try these Reported Speech pictures for extended practice. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. You said to close the door'. ' Resource Description: Reported Speech, or Indirect Speech, isn't the same as Direct speech.Students need to learn how to go from one to the other. Backshifting… Includes the best of BusyTeacher: Backshifting in Reported Speech and What You Need to Know About It. Watch how the Awesome Foursome conduct an interview and learn to use the direct speech and the reported speech. When we report questions with who, what or which + to be + object, the verb be can come before or after the object. A: B said that the barber gets his hair cut by another barber i… Reported speech reversi. This can include revision of functional language that they have studied if you include things like “He I strongly disagree with that approach! Report on what several students said about their usual weekend activities. 3 will -> would, present perfect -> past perfect, etc.). Still, we mustn’t forget that it must be learned in context, so students understand both how and when to use it. For the present perfect, ask students to imagine they’re all working together in an office, and ask them to say what things they've already done and which they haven’t done yet. Reporting Questions: There are different sets of changes for questions when moving from direct speech to reported speech depending on the type of question being reported. Provide students with a chart of the principal changes in reported speech (i.e. It’s possible to teach parts of speech in a fun way by using various ESL games and activities. Reported speech is used when you want to tell someone else what a person said before. Get this illustrated workbook and you will receive the following items: Change the reporting verbs as per the rules. For example, for “can”, ask students to give examples of things they can do. There are lots more great worksheets in our Reported Speech Section. Write the sentence in direct speech (use quotation marks) on one side and sentence in reported speech on the other side. After backshifting… Write the sentence in direct speech on the board, and the reporting sentence right next to it. By my third reported speech lesson plan (RS1.3-Intro-to-Reported-Speech-3) I introduce the backshifting principle for all the major tenses: Make sure students understand that the verb in simple present was changed to simple past, and the reason is that the reporting verb is in past. Recently, I developed a set of reported speech teaching resources that you can find here. Teach what happens when direct speech is in present. Change the pronoun form as per the basic pronoun changing rules in … Ask students what they usually do on weekends.S1: I play football with friends.S2: I visit my grandmother.S3: I go to the movies. Reported speech: She says (that) she likes ice cream. First, call on one of your students and read out a simple sentence. Ask students questions, making sure you do so in different tenses. Make sure students understand that the verb in present continuous was changed to past continuous. NSW syllabus EN2-9B: Uses effective and accurate sentence structure, grammatical features, punctuation conventions and vocabulary relevant to the type of text when responding to and composing text. Whether we are relaying a message, or simply repeating what someone said, there are countless situations in which we may use reported speech, so ESL students must be taught and encouraged to master it. Reported Requests/Commands When we put direct commands or requests into indirect speech we usually follow the below structure: a. Instead of introducing this topic using a range of different tenses, stick with a very simple structure for this first lesson. … Report on what several students said about their usual weekend activities. Explain that the students are going to play a similar game in groups. Reported Speech = 'Tomie said (that) she was tired.' ): Write the sentence in direct speech on the board, and the reporting sentence right next to it. Fun ways of practising Reported Speech. Reported speech (summary): When Mary complained that she was tired out after walking so far, Peter said they could stop for a picnic. My choice in rating the lessons as advanced was meant as a caution. Then, ask students to continue reporting on what their classmates said. Terms and Conditions 1. This lesson will help you speak English more confidently in front of people. Teaching English Grammar Grammar Book Grammar And Vocabulary English Resources English Lessons Language School Speech And Language Direct And Indirect Speech Reported Speech More information ... More ideas for you 2. You said not to turn off the radio', etc'. For Yes/No questions we need to add if or unless to the question in reported speech: “John asked if I wanted to join him for dinner”. If your not sure about your student’s comfort level, try our RS1.1-Intro-to-Reported-Speech lesson, where we only backshift between the Present Simple and Past Simple. As a bonus, there are three role-plays for practicing reported speech on the second page that can be done in … Write this sentence on the whiteboard: “In a village at the base of a mountain, there is a barber who cuts the hair of everyone who does not cut their own hair. Walk around the room and ask them questions like: TEACHER (to A): What did B say in response to this question? Notify me by email when the comment gets approved. Now, get teaching! The singer Lisa Loeb begins the song "Stay" with a reported … But, because the newlyweds aren’t on speaking terms, everything the husband or wife says must go through the counselor, who must relay it to the other person using reported speech. In the same manner illustrated above for the simple present, present continuous, and simple past, teach students how to report each of these tenses: It is recommended that you present a context, or specific situation, for each tense before doing the reporting. Make sure students understand that the verb in simple past was changed to past perfect. 5. They can be cut into cards for fun games! And if you are interested in more, you should follow our Facebook page where we share more about creative, non-boring ways to teach English. Finally, report on what they said, but make mistakes; ask students to correct you.T: Juan said he was staying in Ontario.S: I said I was going to Mexico. The tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech.I/ you/ we/ theyHe/ she/ it/ JamesPresent simple Ex: “I go shopping every Friday”, my mom said.Past simple Ex: My mom said (that) she went shopping every Friday.Present continuous Ex: “We are watching TV”, they … We also may need to change words like 'my' and 'your'. Then, ask students to continue reporting on what their classmates said. Off2Class has you covered with six lesson ready to teach reported speech to your ESL students! Report on what several students said about their plans for the holidays. Modal Verbs in reported speech: most modal verbs need to be changed when we move from direct to reported speech. that Today, I’m going to share some strategies that I use to teach reported speech to my ESL students. Your email is never published nor shared. Identify reported speech and reporting speech part of sentence. Activities to Teach Your Students Reported Speech Maximize the learning experience by carefully considering what songs you’ll be using, then adjust the activities accordingly. If you have any activities that worked for you, feel free to share them below! Teach what happens when direct speech is in Present Continuous. Provide review sheet of principle reported speech transitions (included in lesson printout pages) Have students get into pairs and convert the reported speech paragraph into the direct speech form. To make it easier for them, here is a video featuring 3 steps to make that change. Once the student has answered you, ask another to report on what he or she said.T: Sarah, what do you want for Christmas?S1: I want an iPhone.T: Juan, what did she say?S2: She said she wanted an iPhone. Reporting Questions: There are different sets of changes for questions when moving from direct speech to reported speech depending on the type of question being reported. Prepare cards with reported speech on one side and direct speech of the same sentence on the other. Make sure students understand that the verb in simple present was changed to simple past and the reason is that the reporting verb is in past. Reported speech in song Reported speech sometimes shows up in popular songs. Here’s a summary of the major changes (note some modal verbs stay the same! Remove punctuation marks. Put the conjunction “that” between reporting and reported speech. Does the barber cut his own hair?” Set a two minute time limit and have the students discuss in pairs. Privacy Policy. Required fields are marked *. Then, ask students to continue reporting. Once your students are comfortable with backshifting there are some additional concepts to teach your students when shifting from direct to indirect (i.e. In my own lesson plans, I’ve decided to introduce the concept of backshifting gradually. Correct worksheet as a class. 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